04:30Bio-psycho-socio-spiritual model of chemical dependency. Aspects of drug addiction.
MOSMEDSERVIS Tel .: 8 (495) 782-78-12
This lecture is a survey and is used as an introductory element of the proposed program, which allows the patient and / or his family to see the whole range of issues which need to work for a stable remission.
Considering chemical dependency in terms of the different conceptual models of the disease, is an attempt to combine them into one, covering the whole person.
Biological aspects of addiction.
Considering chemical dependency as a biological disease we are talking primarily about changing the biochemistry of the brain. We give the concept of neurotransmitters, a pathological change in the balance of these substances caused by the use of drugs or alcohol. Restoring the balance of neurotransmitters is only possible with the full rejection of reception of all psychoactive substances. The predisposition of the body of a person (or genetic may cause long-term stress, or any other acquired) to the development of dependence from a biological point of view does not depend on the will of that person. Man is not to blame for the fact that it has this predisposition, but he can take responsibility for their future life. The biological reality says that chemical dependency is incurable, progressive (chronic) and fatal disease, but there is the possibility of a full life, with full rejection of drugs. In addition, other changes occur in humans suffering from chemical dependency (liver, cardiovascular system, etc.).
The psychological aspect of addiction.
There is a powerful connection between the biological changes in the body chemically dependent person and his emotional state. At the same time prolonged stress caused by "negative" feelings (guilt, shame, loneliness, anger, fear, etc.) Leads to significant somatic changes. As an example may be a diagram: stress (pituitary region) - epinephrine / norepinephrine (adrenal glands) - sugar, insulin (liver), the change in acidity in the stomach, high blood pressure, blood viscosity, coagulation, changes of the thyroid gland, and so on. d. up to the disruption of sexual glands.
Persistent changes in emotional state leads to psychological complexes, personality changes, its bifurcation (the existence of "I" and "I am a drug"), whereby a person loses touch with his inner world (which he could not understand). There are changes of concepts of morality, morality, ethics, dignity, honor, duty, etc.
Psychological changes in the chemically dependent person so great that in most cases, the person not only can not cope with them, but even to identify without the help of professionals.
The addict is not to blame for what happened to him, but can take responsibility for changing yourself (identification of "narco-I" work with him)
The social aspect of addiction.
Due to personality changes chemically dependent person, violated not only internal communication, but also outside. The world around us is perceived hostile, causing a feeling of fear. The person feels lonely, abandoned, betrayed. The values of the world lose their meaning. To live in this world of the addict begins to manipulate others, to play different roles, it ceases to be himself. Very often the people around them (family, friends, colleagues) are drawn into a dependent relationship with an addict and pay him in kind - begin to manipulate it, and for those, and others. In the surrounding addict people to develop their psychological complexes (or codependency paranarkomaniya) that contribute to the development of the disease in chemically dependent person. Very often, co-dependency, as a psychological illness in the family existed before the development of chemical dependency from one of the members of the family, and was a contributing factor to the emergence and development of drug addiction.
A drug addict, his family or friends are not to blame for the present state of things, but he and they can take responsibility for changing themselves and their relationships with other people, the world.
The spiritual aspect of addiction.
In consequence of substantial psychological changes, the loss of connection with others, the addict loses the ability to connect to the world. It lost the meaning of life, its purpose, its destination. Man ceases to understand the causal laws of the world, its place and role in them. This leads to a powerful spiritual poverty, spiritual death. Life becomes useless, empty, devoid of any meaning. Only the fear of death makes the stay on this earth.
Some addicts for one reason or another, first there is a loss of spirituality and drug sample gives a certain spiritual experience (mostly - psychedelic - hashish, LSD, mescaline, and others.), Often bright and indelible memory. In this case, a certain spiritual hunger makes a person again and again turn to drugs. But over time, the spiritual experience of drug loses its brightness and sharpness of sensations, is lost and disappears. Own the spiritual experience (without drugs) is lost more quickly.
The addict is not to blame for the loss of spirituality, but it can take charge of their own spiritual revival, development, growth.
Doctors, psychiatrists, counselors treatment center ready to provide personal support and professional assistance to each in their efforts to work on the program of recovery in accordance with their ethical, moral convictions and the level of professional training.
MOSMEDSERVIS Tel .: 8 (495) 782-78-12