04:21Types of memory disorders
|Modern life requires a person a good memory, as in the studies and work, and just in everyday affairs. However, not all memory is our reliable ally, sometimes it brings in the most crucial moment. The reasons for memory loss may be quite different, respectively, are different and treatments. |
Types of memory disorders
There are several classifications of memory disorders. According to one of them, the loss of memory, amnesia, or divided into partial or full. When a complete loss of memory, as the name implies, there is a loss of memories for some period of time in full. In partial amnesia, everything is much more complicated: not all the memories are lost, but only part of them to the same residues may stirring memories in time and space, break the causal relationships between events.
Another classification divides memory loss over time. Thus, retrograde amnesia observed in a situation where a person does not remember the events only for a while, for example, after an injury, and then the memory is restored in full. Progressive amnesia - the disease is much more serious and unpleasant. When it disappear from the memory of events from now to past events. But childhood memories and experiences are remembered clearly. Also progressive amnesia does not apply to skills (such as professional skills for the machine). In addition, there is also a steady loss of memory, only when strictly forgotten certain events.
Memory loss at a young age
At a young age memory loss can occur from smoking, drinking and drugs. Large negative effect has alcohol in combination with certain medicines. When you receive an amnesia drug often has a local character - forgotten events that occurred during the reception of drugs and immediately after it. However, prolonged use of such drugs memory disorder may spread to the rest of life.
Common causes of memory loss at a young age - it's stress and nervous experience. Stress is a very powerful mechanism that by changing the biochemistry of the body helps to survive in times of cavemen, for example, to run away from the saber-toothed tiger. Now the situation causing the stress, most of them are not as dangerous as in the days of the cave, but its effect is the same. One of them - the redistribution of all forces of the body on the reaction of "hit-and-run." Memory in this case is an extra function - "remembering" consumes energy, attention and time that can prevent escape of the tiger itself.
Memory loss occurs due to the habit of taking a few things at once. Unloved work, a couple of hobbies, as well as "social" matters that have to do (to help parents or wife at home, give them a lift and so on. D.) - Lead to a permanent switch focus from one subject to another, that after a while a negative impact on memory.
Deteriorating memory and thyroid problems, which occur in women after 50 years. Failure in allocating hormones "shchitovidkoj" slows down the metabolism, which in turn adversely affects the brain, and eventually leads to problems with memory. Also, women are memory disorders during pregnancy, but this time, the negative effect is reversed due to the "splash" a large amount of hormones in the body.
In patients with epilepsy, memory loss can occur at the time of seizure (convulsions). Sometimes, certain moments of life are forgotten in some psychiatric disorders as unprofitable, unpleasant person.
Memory loss from injuries
Loss of memory concussion is retrograde in nature, ie. E. Forgotten events from the time of injury a few hours ago. If the injury was more serious, such as brain injury, the retrograde amnesia expands to anteretrogradnoy amnesia - the patient does not remember not only the events that occurred before the injury, but what happened after injury, lasting up to several hours.
Age Memory Loss
With age, memory loss is natural. And the first minor deterioration processes begins already with 30 years. However, serious problems appear after 55-60 when possible forgetting recently selected the events (breakfast person or not, what went into the room, and so on. D.). However, age is another unpleasant moment - the risk of memory loss diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. Gradually progressing this terrible disease changes the behavior of an elderly person, first acting in the short term, and then in the long-term memory. The patient affected by the disease, usually not even aware of what was happening to him.
The treatment of memory loss
Since the causes of memory loss may be many, but the symptoms are very different, the treatment begins with a thorough examination, which includes:
Consulting various doctors: a neurologist, psychiatrist, psychiatrist, infectious diseases
Ultrasound of neck vessels
Magnetic resonance imaging
The treatment of memory loss is assigned depending on the cause has. As a rule, use drugs that affect the brain, as well as restorative drugs (Glycine, Ginkgo biloba) and vitamins B and E. The patient can help and work with the psychologist and psychotherapist.
Products that improve memory
For small memory disorders can help introduction of the diet the following products:
Walnuts and hazelnuts and almonds.
Pumpkin and sunflower seeds
Apples, red and purple grapes, blueberries
Fish, especially salmon, and the fish oil containing omega-3
Broccoli, spinach and other greens
Chocolate in moderation
Red meat (beef) in moderation
Salmon roe (if possible)
Natural coffee in very small quantities
Furthermore, it is desirable to drink sufficient ordinary pure water.
Thus, conduct prevention: a healthy diet, leading a healthy lifestyle, training your attention, you can greatly reduce the risk of diseases associated with disorders of memory. And, knowing the symptoms and causes loss of memory, you can see a doctor in time to minimize the negative effects of this unpleasant disease.
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